A. the HIDA-MIMZOKU-MUSEUM 飛騨民俗館
At the foot of Mt.Matsukura stands the house of the Wakayama Family.
That is a “Gasshozukuri” 合掌造り. A gasshozukuri is a 4-storide house with gables and roof in the style of “pressing one’s palms together as in prayer”. That had been destined to be submerged under water by the construction of the Miboro Dam in 1959 at Shirakawa-go 白川郷 (Shirakawa village: one hour’s drive from Takayama.). Then Hida people removed this charming house to this place from Shirakawa-go.
A gasshozukuri was built by the fugitives of the Heike along years ago. (The Heike 平家were Emperor Kammu’s descendants and took over the political reins in the middle of Heian era 平安時代 794-1192.).
Shirakawa-go had very little arable land, then as to control the population, they forbade that the sons bellow the first could not get married. Only the first son could get married. Naturally many people came to live in one house, and a patriarch had great authority. Having very little arable land, they earned a living by silk-worm culture. It is said that such Gasshozukuri houses were constructed for preserving the silk industry.
Also, there is a house of the Nokubi Family near the Wakayama House. This one is a typical farm house in the early Edo-style in Hida district.
B. The VILLAGE OF HIDA 飛騨の里
You are in Hida-no-sato. The Hida Minzoku Museum is in this Hida-no-sato.
You are like in an old Japanese farm village.
You see a big pond, a Shinto shrine, a rare rice field called Kurumada and so on.
Kurumada 車田: Ordinary rice is planted lengthwise and crosswise into a rice paddy, but Kurumada is a rice paddy where rice is planted into scrollwork shape.. With traditional rutial, rice-planting and rice reaping have been carried out every year there.
We have gathered together many old private houses, farm implements and other tooｌs
in this place. You can understand what the life of Hida people was like by sitting on Tatami of an old Japanese house.
photos: Hida no sato 飛騨の里, kurumada 車田